The Kaszon pool is one of the smallest pools of the Eastern Carpathians, the historical Kaszon can be found here, which used to be part of Csikszek and nowadays is the largest village of Hargita county. Because of the place’s geographical isolation it is one of the clearest sources of the Sekler traditions and customs. Its natural beauty is the strongest character of Kaszonszek, it is surrounded by 1100-1200 meters high mountains.
The place is rich in beautiful spots, large variety of plants and animals, many mineral water fountains in the mountains, with abundant water amount rich in minerals and having medical effects. The Kaszon pool is open only on one side, the southern one, towards Kezdivasarhely, to the west we can reach the Csiki pool across the Nyerges peak. The village is formed by five establishments: Feltiz, Altiz, Imper, Jakabfalva and Kaszonujfalu. The main road of the area is the one marked by 11B which touches Kaszonujfalu.
The othe road which takes us to the establishments is the 121G road. Because of its closed character this area used to be an important strategic point in the history of the Hungarians, the Seklers who had settled here used to defend the Eastern borders. The first written memory of this village can be found in a papal document from 1332-33. From 1396 the village had already been autonomy. It got its right for autonomy from Sigismund of Luxenberg, and this right was later on confirmed by different reigning princes as well as by Mathias Rex in 1462. As a consequence of the place’s geographical character the main fields of interest of the region have always been animal breeding, agriculture and wood industry, these were the sources of living for the Kaszon people. The famous roof makers come from this place, their works stood the test of time and they can still be seen on many tops of houses today. The woven carpets were also popular with their unique colors and patterns. For a long time special dyes were made here: purple, greenish yellow and blue. The woolen woven materials were decorated with the so-called thousand years motifs.
The folk costumes of Kaszon are also of special beauty, because they were mingled with the uniforms of the border guards. The decoration of the clothes had to symbolize the military and the social rank of its owner.
The women’s wear has changed a lot throughout the centuries, their striping and their colorful look has become simpler. The ancient folk costume’s characteristic item, the “csepesz”, which is a cap decorated by ribbons, is still worn in present on festive occasions.
Settling down was organized on family basis, which is shown by the cul-de-sac type structure of the village. There are three thousand inhabitants in the village, 90 percent of which is of Hungarian nationality and of Roman Catholic religion. The local agricultural co-operations are flourishing and they have important role in the economical development of the village.